A picturesque landscape is the one with the lush green ground, snow-clad mountains, blooming flowers, and freshwater serene rivers. While all these are bestowed by nature, man’s contribution to the landscape structures. From the Skyscrapers of New York adoring the Manhattan skyline to the Artificial Palm islands of Dubai, humans have equally contributed to beautifying the ambiance and landscape of places. From Tokyo to Alaska, there are a host of structures and buildings we are worth viewing, working and living in. We have compiled a detailed list of such most iconic buildings of the world for you.
Following is the list of the top five most iconic buildings in the world.
- The Kaaba
The Kaaba is the most sacred Muslim pilgrimage site in the world. This brick cuboid structure is located at the center of Islam’s most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. While performing their prayers, Muslims all over the world face in the direction of the Kaaba. Every Muslim visits the Kaaba at least once in their lifetime as a part of Hajj pilgrimage.
2. Taj Mahal
Taj Mahal is an architectural marvel made of white marble situated at the banks of river Yamuna in Agra, India. It was built by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. Led by the architect, Ustad Ahmad Lahauri it took around 22,000 men and seventeen years to build the Taj Mahal. It is a masterpiece of Persian and Mughal architecture.
The changing colors of the Taj Mahal from a pinkish hue in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden at night when lit by the moon are said to resemble the changing mood of Shah Jahan’s queen. Around 8 million tourists visit The Taj Mahal every year. The Taj Mahal was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Owing to its dazzling beauty, Taj is one of the most iconic buildings in the world.
3. Burj Khalifa
This 829.8 m skyscraper in Dubai is the tallest structure in the world and one of the most iconic buildings in the world. The building was designed by Adrian Smith and the construction began in 2004 and was completed in 2009. The design of the tower is inspired by the shape of the Hymenocallis flower. The building was officially inaugurated in 2010 as a part of Dubai Downtown project. There are hotels, residences and observational laboratories in the 163 floors of the building.
Apart from being the tallest building in the world, it is also the tallest freestanding structure in the world, highest number of stories in the world, highest occupied floor in the world, highest outdoor observation deck in the world, elevator with longest travel distance in the world and and tallest service elevator in the world.
4. The Shard
The Shard is a 309.6 meters high 95 story skyscraper in London, United Kingdom. The construction of Shard began in 2009 and it was completed in 2012. The Shard was inaugurated by Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani, the Prime Minister of Qatar. A project of State of Qatar and Sellar Property Group, Renzo Piano designed the Shard like a spire-like sculpture emerging from the River Thames.
The building has 11,000 glass panels and 56,000 meters square of the glass facade. It was designed using energy efficiency in mind and much of the construction material used was recyclable. The building lodges residents, hotels, offices and observation galleries.
5. Cathedral of Brasilia
The Cathedral of Brasilia is a masterpiece of modern religious art in Brasília, Brazil. It is a is the Roman Catholic cathedral serving the seat of the Archdiocese of Brasília. It was designed by Oscar Niemeyer. The construction started on September 15, 1958, and the structure was finished on April 21, 1960. After some hiccups and delays, the Cathedral was officially opened on May 31, 1970, by Cardinal D. Eugenio Salles. It was declared a national historic and artistic monument on July 15, 1990.
The cathedral has a striking hyperbolic structure constructed from 16 concrete columns, weighing 90 tons each. The entrance to the cathedral is through a dark tunnel after which it emerges into a bright space with a glass roof. With its breathtaking design, it is perhaps one of the most iconic buildings in the world.